Modern Theatres: Auditório Ibirapuera, São Paulo
Tuesday, December 5, 2017
...São Paulo had already witnessed the birth of its Visual Arts Bienal (which completed its 32nd edition in 2016) and of the Museu de Arte Moderna (Museum of Modern Art), but the city still had further cultural ambitions. Its 400th anniversary in 1954 deserved to be celebrated with pomp and circumstance. A Commission for São Paulo’s Fourth Centennial festivities was formed in December 1951, and the commission planned to inaugurate the Ibirapuera Park in 1954.
The commission invited Oscar Niemeyer (1907- 2012) to design the park; the internationally renowned architect was 45 years old at the time. The project included buildings that could host scientific and artistic exhibitions, as well as events that contributed to the state’s economic affairs, such as agricultural and industrial fairs. Furthermore, as a capital that wished to be modern, its main park needed to include areas for cultural activities, sports, lakes, a botanical garden, a zoo, playgrounds, and a venue for the installation of an amusement park or circus, and a theatre."
Contributed by Claudia Toni, Universidade de São Paulo, Theatre design & technology magazine (TD&T)
Theatre design & technology magazine (TD&T) launched a feature series, titled Modern Theatres, to celebrate and re-examine some of the world's most significant theaters that opened between 1950 and 2010. This series is a product from the magazine's multi-year research collaboration with Bühnentechnische Rundschau, the journal of the Deutsche Theatertechnische Gesellschaft (Germany’s Theatre Technical Society) and Sightline, the journal of the Association of British Theatre Technicians. The Modern Theatres project is led by long-term ISPA member David Staples, principal consultant at Theatre Projects Consultants in London and ITEAC (International Theatre Engineering an Architecture Conference) editorial board chair, in advance of its inclusion at ITEAC 2018.
The first article of the series looks back on the birth of Auditório Ibirapuera located in São Paulo's iconic urban park Ibirapuera Park, which was inaugurated in 1954 for the 400th anniversary of the city and designed by Oscar Niemeyer, a Brazilian architect considered to be one of the key figures in the development of modern architecture. Those who attended the São Paulo 2009 ISPA Congress might be familiar with Auditório Ibirapuera as it was one of our congress venues!
Click here to read this full article written by Clauida Toni from Universidad de São Paulo, ISPA member and host of the São Paulo 2009 ISPA Congress.
Images from Theatre design & technology magazine (TD&T), Fall 2017 Issue