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MALMÖ / COPENHAGEN
Two countries – one region
The expression “Two countries – one region” was established when the Öresund Bridge opened in 2000. Since then, the region has developed rapidly and is now, with its almost 3.9 million inhabitants, the largest and most densely populated region in the Nordic countries.
The fact that the region involves the meeting of two countries, with different languages and unique cultures, makes it a multi-cultural melting pot offering a diverse and high-quality range of opportunities and experiences.
The region has excellent infrastructure, featuring domestic and international connections, including two major airports, which has helped it become established as a commercial and industrial hub. The Malmö/Copenhagen region is without doubt currently one of Europe’s most dynamic and successful areas of growth – a Scandinavian metropolis – and is of great importance to the economic development of both Sweden and Denmark.
The housing, labour, education and cultural markets in the two countries have now also become integrated and are experiencing record growth. Approximately 50,000 people now travel across the bridge every day; a figure that is constantly increasing.
Facts and figures about Malmö/Copenhagen region
- The Malmö/Copenhagen region consists of Zealand (Denmark) and Skåne (Sweden), as well as the Danish islands of Mön, Falster, Lolland and Bornholm
- The region has almost 3.9 million inhabitants and is the largest and most densely populated metropolitan area in the Nordic countries.
- The region covers 21,000 km2. Anywhere in the region can be reached by car from within just 90 minutes.
- There are 14 universities in the region and 8 tertiary (university) courses of education in the cultural field.
- The travel time by train from Malmö to Copenhagen is only 35 minutes, with trains running every 10 to 20 minutes.
- Reasons for travelling across the Öresund Bridge: 30 % business, 23 % leisure/culture, 20 % commuting, 13 % holiday, 14 % weekend break
- There are 11 Michelin-rated restaurants in the Malmö/Copenhagen region. There are also approximately 90 golf courses, with 20 of these being rated as international championship standard.
- The Malmö/Copenhagen region has 5 symphony orchestras (7 if opera orchestras are included), 84 theatres, 46 art institutions and around 400 museums and collections. More than 7,000 concerts are held in the region annually.
Malmö is Sweden’s third largest city and a commercial centre of southern Sweden and the Malmö/Copenhagen region.
Malmö is a multicultural and youthful city and in recent years, Malmö’s population has increased by record numbers. In 2011 the city’s population will passed 300 000. Many Malmö residents come from other countries and almost a third were born overseas. No fewer than 174 nationalities are represented and some 150 different languages are spoken. Malmö is also a magnet for young people and almost half of the population is under 35. The average age in Malmö is 36 years, while the Swedish national average is 41 years.
As a city, Malmö was established in the second half of the 13th century, and much of Malmö’s historical background remains preserved in the city’s architecture. Modern Malmö, however, is anything but old. In a very short space of time, the city has undergone a considerable transformation. Having once been an industrial city, today Malmö is a knowledge-based economy, dominated by small and medium enterprise with sustainable urban development as a guiding light. Businesses in the fields of media, environmental engineering, logistics and retailing choose to establish operations in Malmö and the tourism industry is expanding with investments in new facilities.
Malmö University, established in 1998, is now Sweden’s largest university and the country’s ninth largest institution for higher education with almost 24,000 students.
Malmö’s investments in sustainable urban development have received a great deal of international attention. In 2009, the City of Malmö was awarded the UN Scroll of Honour for its innovative and holistic approach to becoming a sustainable city. The following year, the green suburb of Augustenborg was awarded the UN World Habitat Award 2010 for their work to make a more organically, economically and socially sustainable residential area.
Learn more at the official visitor website of Malmö, Sweden.
Copenhagen is the capital of Denmark and a major regional center of culture, business, media, and science, as indicated by several international surveys and rankings. Life science, information technology and shipping are important sectors, and research and development plays a major role in the city's economy. Its strategic location and excellent infrastructure have made it a regional hub and a popular location for regional headquarters and conventions.
Copenhagen has repeatedly been recognized as one of the cities with the best quality of life. It is also considered one of the world's most environmentally friendly cities. The water in the inner harbour is clean and safe for swimming. 36% of all citizens commute to work by bicycle; every day, they cycle a combined 1.2 million km.
Since the turn of the millennium, Copenhagen has seen a strong urban and cultural development. This is partly due to massive investments in cultural facilities as well as infrastructure and a new wave of successful designers, chefs and architects.
Copenhagen's founding has traditionally been dated to Bishop Absalon's construction of a castle on the small island of Slotsholmen in 1167 where Christiansborg Palace stands today. The excellent harbour encouraged Copenhagen's growth until it became an important centre of commerce. However it did not become the nation's capital until the middle of the 15th century, and the archbishop still has residence in Roskilde.
As a result of the region’s continuing growth, Copenhagen will soon be comparable in terms of size with many other large cities in the rest of Europe – a size which is seen as being able to host a full range of cultural institutions and international events, as well as making it attractive for business operations and research activities.
Learn more at the official visitor website of Copenhagen, Denmark.
Regional Cultural Activity
The close proximity of these two countries, with the capital city Copenhagen on one side and big city of Malmö on the other, provides a unique situation in terms of cultural opportunities. The Malmö/Copenhagen region is a cultural metropolis in the international arena, and the many cultural performers in the area offer a rich, diverse and highly skilled cultural life which is both wide-ranging in nature and top-class in terms of quality. The region features, for example, five symphony orchestras (seven if the opera orchestras are included) and two large opera houses – the Royal Theatre and the Malmö Opera and Music Theatre. The region is also home to a large number of theatres and dance institutions and has a strong network of local organizers guaranteeing the provision of culture to everyone in the region. International cooperation is common in all fields of art. The well-established festival Music Around, which is a collaboration between Musik i Syd and the symphony orchestras in the region, has grown to become the largest musical arts festival in the Nordic countries. Two large arenas, Parken in Copenhagen and Malmö Arena, often host internationally famous artists. The Roskilde Festival is northern Europe’s largest music festival and is attended by approximately 110,000 people every year, with approximately 40% of these travelling from outside Denmark to attend. The region also has a number of large contemporary art institutions, of which Louisiana is the most famous internationally.
Today’s mobility and the close proximity of Sweden and Denmark create new opportunities and open up a larger market. Travelling between the two countries involves only a short trip, as does journeying between countryside and big city. This fact contributes to an even greater range and maturity of the culture on offer, which benefits the audiences as well as the cultural performers. For example, 15% of the people who go to the Malmö Opera come from Denmark.
In 2007, Musik i Syd carried out a survey about the range of cultural activities and stages available in the Malmö/Copenhagen region. The survey showed that the region witnessed more than 22 000 cultural events per year (i.e. more than 58 cultural events every day throughout the year), which catered for a total audience of more than 18 million people. The survey also showed that the region has stages and arenas with a total capacity of more than 140 000 places.
A list of all the cultural resources and organisations in the Malmö/Copenhagen region is available at the region’s cultural homepage - www.facebook.com/kulturoresund